- Category: fresco
- Type: ceiling
- Artist: Filippo Pascale
- Year: second half of the 18th century
- Technique: fresco
- Style: neoclassical
- Dimensions HxWxD: –
- Located into: Private Apartments, Ferdinand II Bedroom Anteroom
The fashion for antiquity: Herculaneum and Pompeii
The first excavations at Herculaneum and Pompeii, wished by King Charles of Bourbon since 1738, and the following volumes with the prints of the finds, gave birth to the fame of the two cities, but the early cultural trips (the Grand Tour) and at birth of a new fashion, that of the ancient, which, together with Vanvitelli’s revolutionary project of the Palace, gave rise to time in a new style: the Neoclassical. Born in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the fashion for antiquity spread all over Europe, creating in the Grand Tour.
The fashion for the antique was found in every common object (furnishings, personal objects, clothes, etc.), as well as in the decoration of the noble palaces.
In this frescoed ceiling we notice a decoration taken from the so-called Pompeian “fourth style”, which can be found, for example, in the House of Vettii in Pompeii and into the Domus Aurea of Nero in Rome, styles reworked first in the Renaissance, then in the second half of the 18th century after the discovery of Herculaneum and Pompeii.
While maintaining the subdivision in squares typical Pompeian 4th style, the floral decorative abundance still reminds to the previous Rococo taste. There are also zoomorphic figures, the classic garlands (visible in many furnishings), grotesque, ect.
On the edges there is a geometric frame, subdivided into sections with monocrome mythological decorations, and geometric wraps. At the corners of the ceiling, small classic heads are placed in the center of shells.
Even the walls, although covered with upholstery, have decorations from the Pompeian motifs.