The Palace

The Royal Palace of Caserta is the biggest in the world

 

 

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“The Royal Palace, the crowning achievement of Luigi Vanvitelli, anticipated the external appearance of 18th century buildings whilst at the same time representing the swan song of the spectacular art of the Baroque, from which it adopted all the features needed to create the illusions of multidirectional space”

July 19 1996, Unesco’s nomination for the World’s Heritage List

 

3d model of the Palace

Click and move to explore the 3d model.

The idea

Designed by Luigi Vanvitelli in 1752, the magnificent Royal Palace of Caserta was created to be the core of a new capital city of the kingdom.

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The revolutionary project

vanvitelli-reggia-volo-uccello-2The earliest project of the palace. Note that 4 towers and and the big dome that were never built.

 

The Royal Palace of Caserta own a rectangular plan articulated on factory buildings, facing onto four large inner courtyards. A great portico (optical telescope) is the ideal connection with the park and the waterfall, located at the peak of the scenographic perspective escape thus created.

The great Staircase of Honour connects the lower and the upper floor, and so to the royal apartments. The rooms used by the royal family were redone many times during the century, to reach the so called "homogeneity of the interiors" typical of XVIII century architectural and decorative design,and partly with of the XIX century taste for composite furnishings and tiny objects.

On the upper vestibule in front of the Great Staircase of Honour, you can visit the Palatine Chapel; designed by Vanvitelli even in decorations, it's certainly the room more than any other shows a clear analogy with the model of Versailles designed by Jules-Hardouin Mansart.

The Court Theatre, located on the western side of the palace, is a wonderful example of XVIII century theatre architecture.

Technical data of the Palace

  • Dimensions LxPXA: 250m X 250m X 36m(42m max);
  • Area of 100.000m2 with 5 floors (excluding two underground floors and 4 courtyards);
  • Volume of 2.000.0000m3 /70million cubic feets (it is the biggest royal palace in the world);
  • 1200 rooms, 1742 windows, 1026 chimneys, 56 stairs;
  • Cost: 6.000.000 of ducats;
  • The Gardens covers an area of 120ha/1.200.000m2 with a length of 3.3km;
  • The complex has a total length of about 4 km (square + palace + park);
  • Considering also the Carolino Aqueduct the total length is almost 40km.

The square

The biggest square in Italy...

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Salvatore Fergola - "Tournament of Ferdinand II", 1849

In the First hall of Murat, the Royal private apartments

The structure

The external facade

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vanvitelli-schizzoA sketch by Luigi Vanvitelli

facciata-3-wat-reggia-di-casertaDetail of the facade

facciata-2-wat-reggia-di-casertaA stone in honor of the king Charles of Bourbon

The original model

facciata-1-wat-reggia-di-casertaDetail of the facade

The four inner courtyards

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The Telescope effect

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More buildings into one

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The internal connections

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The Halls

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The undergrounds

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